The World Economic Forum released its 2012 Global Gender Gap Report on October 23rd ranking 135 countries that comprise over 90% of the global population. Based on 14 indicators, the report measures the gender gap and ranks the countries from 1-135.
1. Economic participation and opportunity – female labor force participation, wage equality & percentage of women in high-ranking positions.
* Ratio: female labour force participation over male value
* Wage equality between women and men for similar work (converted to female-over-male ratio)
* Ratio: estimated female earned income over male value
* Ratio: female legislators, senior officials and managers over male value
* Ratio: female professional and technical workers over male value
2. Educational attainment – looks at female literacy and frequency of enrollment of women in higher education.
* Ratio: female literacy rate over male value
* Ratio: female net primary level enrolment over male value
* Ratio: female net secondary level enrolment over male value
* Ratio: female gross tertiary enrolement over male value
3. Health and survival – compares female – male life expectancy and mortality rates.
* Ratio: female healthy life expectancy over male value
* Sex ratio at birth (converted to female over male ratio)
4. Political empowerment – number of women holding political office & number of female heads of state over the past 50 years.
* Ratio: females with seats in parliament over male value
* Ratio: females at ministerial level over male value
* Ratio: number of years of a female head of state (last 50 years) over male value
The ranking works as follows: each country is given a score from 0 being maximum inequality and 1 maximum equality for the 14 indicators and finally the scores are averaged to get the final ranking.
Problematic as they may be, it is nonetheless interesting to look at where countries stand on such lists that act as socio-political currencies trading at high values.
So, how does the Arab world fair out? Here’s a snapshot on the 22 member countries of the Arab League:
- 8 out of 22 member countries of the Arab League do not even make it to the list – countries not listed being: Somalia, Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Iraq, Tunisia, Libya, Palestine and Sudan.
- All Arab countries are in the bottom half of the chart, the highest ranking country (UAE) standing at 107
- All GCC countries make it to the list
- Saudi Arabia barely makes it to the list outranking only Syria, Chad, Pakistan and Yemen
- Yemen sits at the bottom of the list at #135
And while WEF was busy putting its report together, here are some images from what these women have been busy doing.
In order of appearance:
1. UAE 107
2. Kuwait 109
3. Bahrain 111
4. Qatar 115
5. Mauritania 119
6. Algeria 120
7. Oman 125
8. Jordan 121
9. Lebanon 122
10. Egypt 126
11. Morocco 129
12. Saudi Arabia 131
13. Syria 132
14. Yemen 135
15. Somalia N/A
16. Comoros Islands N/A
17. Djibouti N/A
18. Iraq N/A
19. Tunisia N/A
20. Libya N/A
21. Palestine N/A
22. Sudan N/A
Download the full report here.